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Posted by Josephine Ayre on Jun 27, 2012 in Chippers

Whilst most people who are familiar with heavy-duty equipment and working in the great outdoors will find this a silly question, for a person who has never had any experience with either of these machines before it is completely valid. There are actually a number of differences between a chipper and a log splitter; hopefully this basic outline will be able to give you a better understanding:

The main difference between a chipper and a splitter is that the former is used for mulching up branches, twigs, leaves and other garden debris for mulch or wood chips, whilst the latter is used to split logs into smaller pieces for firewood.
A chipper cuts up garden debris using a number of small blades that all move in conjunction around each other, whereas a splitter cuts using only a sharp wedge (like the one on the head of an axe).
The operator has to physically feed the branches and garden debris into a chipper, but all the operator has to do with a log splitter is position the log and let the machine do the rest.
The result material created by a chipper is quite small in diameter (most are around the size of a fifty cent coin), whereas the resulting material created by a splitter is much larger (and heavier).

No matter which way you look at it, there are a number of differences between a chipper and a log splitter that set them well apart from each other. At the same time, however, they have a number of similarities (such as their methods of being powered and their size) that put them both in the category of being pieces of useful outdoor power equipment.